Poly Products - Polyethylene Bags

Polyethylene BagsPolyethylene or polythene (IUPAC name polyethene or poly(methylene)) is the most widely used plastic, with an annual production of approximately 80 million metric tons.[1] Its primary use is within packaging (notably the plastic shopping bag).

Polyethylene is a thermoplastic polymer consisting of long chains of the monomer ethylene (IUPAC name ethene). The recommended scientific name polyethene is systematically derived from the scientific name of the monomer.[2][3] In certain circumstances it is useful to use a structure-based nomenclature; in such cases IUPAC recommends poly(methylene)[3] (poly(methanediyl) is an non-preferred alternative[4][5]). The difference in names between the two systems is due to the opening up of the monomer's double bond upon polymerisation.
The name is abbreviated to PE in a manner similar to that by which other polymers like polypropylene and polystyrene are shortened to PP and PS respectively. In the United Kingdom the polymer is commonly called polythene, although this is not recognized scientifically.

The ethene molecule (known almost universally by its common name ethylene) C2H4 is CH2=CH2,
Two CH2 groups connected by a double bond, thus:

Polyethylene contains the chemical elements carbon and hydrogen.

Polyethylene is created through polymerization of ethene. It can be produced through radical polymerization, anionic addition polymerization, ion coordination polymerization or cationic addition polymerization. This is because ethene does not have any substituent groups that influence the stability of the propagation head of the polymer. Each of these methods results in a different type of polyethylene.

Polyethylene is classified into several different categories based mostly on its density and branching. The mechanical properties of PE depend significantly on variables such as the extent and type of branching, the crystal structure and the molecular weight.

  • Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE)
  • Ultra low molecular weight polyethylene (ULMWPE or PE-WAX)
  • High molecular weight polyethylene (HMWPE)
  • High density polyethylene (HDPE)
  • High density cross-linked polyethylene (HDXLPE)
  • Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX or XLPE)
  • Medium density polyethylene (MDPE)
  • Linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE)
  • Low density polyethylene (LDPE)
  • Very low density polyethylene (VLDPE)

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